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Medical News Today: What is orthopnea?

Orthopnea is a symptom rather than a condition. It is a shortness of breath that only occurs when a person is lying down and usually subsides when they sit or stand up. Causes include conditions that affect the heart or lungs, such as heart failure or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Learn more here.
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Medical News Today: What is bronchopneumonia?

Bronchopneumonia is pneumonia that affects the bronchi of the lungs, causing inflammation. It often results from a bacterial infection, but viruses and fungi can also cause it. Symptoms include coughing, breathing problems, and fever. It can resolve in a few weeks but, if not treated, can be life-threatening.
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Medical News Today: How your mouth bacteria can harm your lungs

New research suggests that having poor dental hygiene means ingesting bacteria that may damage respiratory health in the long-term.

Medical News Today: Everything you need to know about bibasilar crackles

Bibasilar crackles are abnormal sounds from the base of the lungs, and they usually signal a problem with airflow. Some causes of bibasilar crackles include bronchitis, pulmonary fibrosis, pneumonia, and heart failure. In this article, we describe the sounds and symptoms in detail. Learn more here.

Medical News Today: Abnormal breath sounds: Causes and treatment

The sound a person makes when breathing is not usually noticeable. However, abnormal breath sounds may be audible with or without a stethoscope. They have a range of causes and can accompany a variety of symptoms. In this article, learn about abnormal breath sounds, including wheezing, crackling, rhonchi, and stridor.

Medical News Today: Is vitamin D deficiency to blame for lung disease?

New research from Johns Hopkins University has found that individuals with low blood levels of vitamin D may be more exposed to disabling lung disease.

Medical News Today: What to expect from a bronchoscopy

A bronchoscopy is a safe, relatively quick procedure. It allows a doctor to examine the inside of the lungs, which can help them to diagnose the cause of breathing problems or chest pain. In this article, learn what to expect before, during, and after a bronchoscopy, including recovery and possible complications.

Medical News Today: Everything you need to know about aspiration pneumonia

Aspiration pneumonia is an infection that may occur if a person breathes something in instead of swallowing it. The germs from food particles, saliva, vomit, or other substances may infect the airways and lead to aspiration pneumonia. In this article, learn more about the treatment and complications.

Medical News Today: Diaphragm spasms and flutters: What to know

A diaphragm spasm is an involuntary contraction of the muscle that divides the upper abdomen and chest. A spasm may feel like a twitch or flutter and can occur with or without pain. A person may also temporarily have trouble breathing. In this article, learn what causes diaphragm spasms and when to see a doctor.

Medical News Today: Bibasilar atelectasis: Symptoms, causes, and complications

Bibasilar atelectasis is when a lung or lobe in one of the lungs collapses. It is most common when a person is still in the hospital following a surgical procedure. In this article, learn about the symptoms, the obstructive and nonobstructive causes, possible complications, and how doctors treat bibasilar atelectasis.